Marjorie Stewart Joyner

Marjorie Stewart Joyner Was One Of The First African American Women To Receive A Patent

Marjorie Stewart Joyner was born in Monterrey, Virginia on 10/24/1896, the granddaughter of a slave and a slave-owner.

In 1912, an eager Marjorie moved to Chicago, Illinois to pursue a career in cosmetology. Joyner developed her concept by connecting 16 rods to a single electric cord inside of a standard drying hood. After 2 yrs. Joyner completed her invention and patented it in 1928, calling it the “Permanent Waving Machine.” She thus became the first African American woman to receive a patent


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